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The future of China's nickel and cobalt industry is promising
In recent years, China's native nickel production has gradually declined, and the transfer of capacity to Indonesia has become a trend. In 2017, China's original nickel production will reach 590,000 tonnes, down 2 per cent year on year. Among them, the original nickel 390,000 tons, electrolytic nickel 130,000 tons, nickel salt 45,000 tons. Since 2010, Indonesia's native nickel production has increased year by year. Indonesia's NPI output will increase from 90,000 tonnes in 2016 to 190,000 tonnes in 2017. Indonesia and China will account for 39 per cent of the global primordial nickel market in 2017.
The stainless steel and battery industries are driving consumption, and nickel sulphate is attracting global attention. In 2017 China's native nickel consumption will reach 1.13 million tons, which is used for stainless steel the nickel consumption accounted for 85% of the industry, battery industry accounted for only 3%, but the consumption of the stainless steel industry growth rate of only 3.3%, and battery consumption growth rate will reach 44%. China's electrolytic nickel and nickel ore stocks fell in 2017, with LME inventories flowing to Asian warehouses. Due to a significant reduction in China's imports of nickel in 2017, its apparent consumption will fall to 1.03 million tons in 2017. By the end of this year, China's accumulative inventory will fall from 230,000 tonnes at the end of last year to 128,000 tonnes. About 75 per cent of LME stocks are nickel beans, with 77 per cent of them in Asian warehouses.
The most difficult time for the nickel industry is past, and the future is full of hope. From 2016 to 2018, the market for three consecutive years shows a lack of supply, which will help raise the price of nickel in 2018. The biggest impact on the nickel market is in stainless steel, Indonesian NPI projects, Indonesian and Philippine mining policies. However, the development of new energy vehicles will start a new journey for the nickel industry.
According to the data, from January to August, the price of nickel cobalt, after two years of downturn, has risen from 270,000 yuan/ton in the beginning of the year to more than 400,000 yuan/ton, with an increase of nearly 60%. In addition, the price of cobalt chloride has risen from 60,000 yuan/ton at the beginning of the year to more than 100,000 yuan/ton, up nearly 70%. Said some of the relevant person in charge of nickel and cobalt production enterprises, in fact, at the beginning of the year, cobalt is a substantial rise in the price of products, products in short supply situation, even the customer lock single and single phenomenon. Among the customers of these enterprises, new energy power battery and material enterprises occupy a considerable proportion, which is the main source of order growth.
Hard alloy surface reinforced material application - tungsten steel alloy
In high speed, high temperature, high pressure, overloading and corrosive medium conditions, such as parts material damage often since surface, such as abrasion, corrosion, high temperature oxidation, surface and local damage will make the whole component failure, eventually lead to stop running equipment. Because of the hard alloy material has high hardness, good wear resistance corrosion resistance, high oxidation temperature, etc, often using edm surface strengthening technology, make parts surface for hard alloy composition, organization and performance, improve the surface properties of component materials and repair the failure parts, significantly increase the hardness, wear resistance and corrosion resistance of parts and components, etc., so as to improve equipment reliability and prolong its service life, hard alloy surface strengthening material widely used in parts or die.
With examples to analyze, in view of the excavator pin is adhesive wear and fatigue wear easily happen, 42 crmo as pin material with high strength alloy structural steel, by the high frequency quenching, tempering, surface of edm surface strengthening, the surface form a white tungsten cobalt 0.01 ~ 0.03 mm deep kind of hard alloy strengthening layer, the hardness HRC can reach more than 74, can increase the service life of the pin 1 ~ 2 times.
The hard alloy surface strengthening material is also applied to the repair of the surface of the mold cavity surface and the minor wear of the parts. Using YG8 hard alloy as the electrode to offset the cutting edge of the cutting edge to strengthen the repair of the surface of the electric spark, the average hardness value of HRC70 at the end of the repair can withstand the fatigue stress of the cutting. For the tensile die of stainless steel, after the surface is strengthened by hard alloy, the frequency of stretching die is increased from 500 pieces/times to 700 pieces/times, and the life span is increased by 3~8 times.
Through all kinds of surface strengthening technology, zero does not see the surface material with hard alloy composition and organization structure, which has the properties of cemented carbide surface layer, can improve the surface hardness, good wear resistance, resistance to bite and scratch resistance; The fatigue strength and service life of the parts are improved. Improve the lubrication condition of parts, reduce friction coefficient and achieve the purpose of reducing friction; Improving the corrosion resistance of mechanical parts; Improve the resistance of materials to high temperature oxidation. Of course, the best method or directly use cemented carbide parts abrasion performance is more outstanding, such as cemented carbide IC packaging such as head, show the use of performance is more evident than other materials.
Hard alloy surface strengthening materials are widely used, and the technology of surface strengthening is more mature with the development of science and technology. The effect performance of the surface reinforcement technology for different types of products is based on actual use.
High-end CNC machine tool industry cluster development base in ma on shan bo wang district
On January 9th, bowanggao new district is far away from the high end press project production workshop, and technicians are debugging the new high-end pressure machine tools developed independently. The project is a key project for the new industry of bowang zone, with a phase I investment of 1 billion yuan and a total annual sales revenue of more than 400 million yuan. For the past five years, bo hope area surrounding the core of innovation, focus on policy, talent, capital and other major elements, fully support the development of innovative enterprises, from "made in bo hope" to "look smart" new leap. In order to accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the machine tool industry, bowang has introduced relevant policies, which stipulates that a portion of the fund will be paid each year as a reward innovation activity for science and technology policy. To encourage local enterprises for independent innovation, bo hope area actively foster "little giant", through the land supply, project application, such as capital support measures, promote a batch of backbone enterprises bigger and stronger, there are 10 enterprises was identified as "little giant" science and technology.
In the past five years, bowang district has focused on the machine tool and blade mould industry, and promoted the industry to continuously expand the total quantity and improve the quality through the recruitment of strong and internal cultivation. Aiming at well-known enterprises at home and abroad, taking the initiative and attracting investment, we urge a group of well-known enterprises to establish production bases or r&d institutions in the hope of establishing a production base or research and development institution, and promote the transformation and upgrading of the industry of bowang machine tool. This year alone, with shenyang machine tool bo hope valley of intelligent manufacturing sharing projects, from high-end press production base, kuroda technology grinding machine and high speed drilling and milling machining center project, a group of leading industry project successively fall to the ground.
Since bo hope area building area, has successively won the five "the title:" national industrial base of shear folding machine and blade mold characteristics, the shear folding machine tool industry well-known brand demonstration zone, national torch high-end CNC machine tools and blade mold base, national supervision and inspection center, national export machine tool machine tool series product quality and safety demonstration zone, based on national industrial products, sold to more than 120 countries and regions in the world. The five "national characters", leading the innovation drive, transformation and upgrading of the industry enterprises in bowang district, accelerate the development, and move forward from "bo wang-made" to the higher goal of "bo wangzhi".
On October 17, shenyang machine tool (Shanghai) yannis industrial equipment sales co., LTD. And bowang district officially signed the investment agreement of shenyang machine tool, i5 intelligent manufacturing valley project. It is reported that the intelligent manufacturing valley project of shenyang machine tool, i5, is located in the industrial park of bowanggao new district. The total planning land of the project is 500 mu, with a total investment of about 3.5 billion yuan, and the plan is to invest the i5 smart equipment with 6,500 units. Project's first phase investment of 1 billion yuan RMB, the use of "rich Ma Zhizao (Po at high and new science and technology park" standard workshop of 46000 square meters, investment i5 intelligent machines, automatic line processing units and detecting, auxiliary equipment 600 units (sets), estimated annual sales income is 500 million yuan of above.
According to statistics, bo hope area successively with the shenyang institute of automation of Chinese academy of sciences, anhui university of technology and other scientific research institutes set up a partnership, for the enterprise provides a good platform for the production, enterprises to effectively improve the independent innovation ability. As of the end of July this year, the district had two Chinese export quality demonstration enterprises, with 2,358 patent applications, including 702 patents for invention. Authorized 1453, of which 183 patents were authorized; 29 with high and new technology enterprises, high-tech products, 212, 47 province private scientific and technological enterprises, innovative enterprises at the provincial level five, five provincial engineering technology research center, the municipal engineering technology research center, 28.
In recent years, the bo hope area depends on the machine tool enterprises concentrated at the high-tech zone, full build "bo hope high-end CNC machine tool industry agglomeration development base", has now begun to take shape, foster a batch of industry influential leader and specialization, "new" enterprise, formed the support of regional economic transformation and upgrading, speed up the development of new growth pole.
The rush hour of power battery will be as high as: the recovery scale of cobalt-nickel lithium will exceed ten billion
Lead battery violations and dismantling, battery solution and optionally, etc., while have to face the environmental protection predicament, there is also the bottleneck of formal recycling enterprise profit model and market volume is small, cannot form the problem such as intensive economies of scale. Reporter survey found that in terms of industry development, and is currently represented by lead battery power battery processing market is still in its beginning stage, safe recycling batteries is not no way out, especially in all kinds of power battery, including lead battery scrap at the time of peak.
Its opportunity is that for some with independent core technology, can recycle discarded power battery companies, not only can restrain power battery scrap pollution from the source, can occupy the recycling market more quickly; Its challenge is to curb and crack down on the market for illegal second-hand batteries. In addition, European, Japan and other developed countries in the battery recycling experience, also worth domestic reference and reference. The junking peak is coming soon
"At the moment, the industry is bullish on the power battery and a lot of capital wants to go in." Guangdong's bond circulation technology co., LTD. (hereinafter referred to as the "guangdong bang,"), vice President of Yu Haijun said, "but a problem that cannot be ignored is that the enterprise's own business model, the technical basis of potential of comprehensive strength, decided the future of this industry can walk far."
In guangdong's bond, for example, founded in 2005, the company, the number of employees has increased to more than 600 people, 20 people, at present the company's total annual processing waste battery is more than 20000 tons, annual production of 10000 tons of nickel cobalt manganese hydroxide, it is not a small figure in the industry. Looking to the future of China's automobile market, it is not hard to see the historical opportunities in the market place of power battery.
On September 9, the development of Chinese auto industry on international BBS, ministry vice-minister xin guobin, China has launched the research of traditional fuel vehicle exit timetable, but between now and 2025 should be a strategic transformation of the auto industry a few years of the most dramatic. According to the industry research institute, in the next five years, the annual compound growth rate of new energy vehicles in China is expected to exceed 30 percent, driving the rapid growth of demand for power batteries. 2015 national power battery output value 38 billion yuan, up 262% from a year earlier, and then to 2016, the output value reached 64.5 billion yuan, for the first time more than the traditional digital lithium battery size, be accounted for the largest lithium battery consumption structure.
Lithium battery to replace lead-acid batteries become the mainstream of new energy vehicles at the same time, "the first to use lithium batteries, lithium ion power battery of electric vehicle is started to market in 5 years ago." Wang jingzhong, vice chairman of the China battery industry association, told reporters. The use of superimposed power cells for 5~8 years means that, starting in 2018, the first batch of automobile power batteries entering the market will soon be "scrapped". By then, the power battery recycling market will shift from lead battery to lithium battery and more.
According to the lithium ion research institute, by 2020, domestic power battery scrapping will exceed 248,000 tons, about 20 times the total amount of scrap in 2016. "The number is very large, and the power battery and the general daily battery are two orders of magnitude." Wang binggang, head of the national new energy vehicle technology innovation engineering group, told reporters that once the deal is bad, "it could be a new environmental disaster."
The power battery recycling industry is coming. On the one hand, we should deal with environmental pollution. On the other hand, we should also face the dilemma of importing cobalt, nickel and other raw materials for power batteries. Wang Binggang respondents said to reporters, such as power battery recycling, in addition to being able to solve the problem of pollution, heavy metal of battery recycling, can also support the sustainable development of electric vehicles.
In 2016, China sold 50.7 million new energy vehicles and more than 1 million new energy vehicles, with more than 5 million sales by 2020, according to public data. Predicts 2018, the cumulative waste lithium battery scrap dynamic force will exceed 170000 tons, from the recovery of cobalt, nickel and iron, manganese, lithium metal created by recycling market scale will exceed 5.3 billion yuan, more than 2020 yuan by 2020. Recycling of these metals is not only a business opportunity, but also an urgent one.
So-called business opportunities, bond's mode in guangzhou as an example, through their own channels and cooperation of the recycling system, the power battery recycling in it, and then, due to the recycling technology of its own, it will be the inside of the power battery metals into the raw material, is used in the production of the power battery products. Yu Haijun called "directed cycle" of this model, which makes power battery recycling implements "where come back to go", not only reduces the production cost, but also help enterprises continue to grow stronger.
Effective from scrap power battery recovery of cobalt, nickel and other rare metals, its immediate pressure, not only limited to more types of power battery scrap peak upcoming situation, there are also related ministries and commissions official policy signal from the recent actions and statements. 13 October this year, the national development and reform commission (NDRC) ring information department and other relevant ma rong, deputy director of the department head to hunan to the research of power battery recycling use, and in guangdong state owned by hunan state general circulation technology co., LTD. Held the power battery recycling use research symposium.
Coming to a small peak power battery scrap, marin called for "all car, battery enterprises should strictly carry out producer responsibility system, joint battery recycling enterprise, ready to meet the peak". You need to start at the source At the same time, as the general manager of hunan bonpu recycling technology co., LTD., the yu navy participated in the above-mentioned forum. When asked by reporters about the company's research, yu said, "the leaders of the state and the ministry of government have been very concerned about environmental protection in the investigation of the base in hunan province." These problems mainly include: whether the enterprise is environmentally friendly in the process of disposal; Whether technology is also advanced internationally; Companies have difficulty with battery recycling, which involves the problem of battery recycling and why not.
Yu Haijun solve these problems, such as corporate attendees the answer is: the industry involves the physical, chemical, material, metallurgical, mechanical, electrochemical, and many other disciplines, there is no a national research platform, in the industry, enterprise each do, said its own best. Industry is generally believed that dismantling old power battery recycling way, safety, environmental protection processing, to ensure product quality and reuse technology is still the common challenges facing the industry, to jointly build a perfect recycling system and normative standard system and a strong national engineering research center, to ensure the healthy development of the power battery recycling industry.
With is in the symposium, marin responded that the relevant government departments to industrial chain upstream and downstream enterprises hand in hand we will accelerate the establishment of a complete power battery recycling system and standard system, and strengthen the guidance and supervision, avoid waste power flow into the battery has no processing qualifications of small hand. In addition, we should improve the regulatory system, speed up the promotion of the system such as dismantling instruction, battery coding and credit system, and guarantee the information disclosure and traceability system of power batteries in circulation.
Marin, according to the other countries in the much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning emphasizes the resource recovery of solid waste treatment, will be announced in late power battery disassembly, detection and other policies and recycling technical requirements. The recycling of batteries, which Japan attaches great importance to, has been implemented for decades. Data show that since October 1994, the Japanese battery production and sales of manufacturers that formed the "battery production and sales, recycling, and regeneration process of battery recycling system, battery retailers, dealers and service stations can be free from consumers to recycle used batteries.
In recent years, the auto power batteries that have gradually attracted attention have been recycled, and the Japanese car companies have also been able to take action. Toyota, for example, in 2011, its cooperation with sumitomo metal, nickel metal hydride batteries in Japan to start the project, with the aid of sumitomo metal high purity extraction technology, has recycled 50% of nickel in the process of the battery pack, and real Now the nickel repeatedly used in hybrid power battery; Honda in 2012 teamed up with Japan's chemical industry corporation to deploy a production line that can recover 80 percent of its rare-earth metals for the production of new nimh.
On the subsidy application enterprise respondents told reporters that at present, many enterprises are apply to the local government subsidies, it's coming right for a period of time, but if the long-term dependence on subsidies, is not good for the healthy development of the industry, enterprises only have self hematopoietic function, to form an industry, the industry is in the future. In addition, the industry is more concerned about how to control and combat the illegal second-hand recycling market, which is also a technical challenge. Zhang tianren, chairman of tianenergy group, said that because of the environmental protection and tax liability, illegal recycling, production and regeneration have formed a certain scale, and there is a growing trend. This can be seen in online search. When journalists enter keywords such as "power cell recycling" online, there are many pages that advertise "high price purchase power battery", which leaves the contact information and address of merchants on the page. The journalist then contacted several companies at random, selling the used battery. In the negotiations, the other party quickly expressed that the scrapping power battery "has how much to accept", "the more the better".
However, when asked what they would do with the battery, the response was always "you don't need to know", or simply don't respond. When the reporter said he was willing to send the old batteries to the other factory, "our factory is very remote and you can't find it." "A businessman replied. What is the mature method of efficient recovery of the overseas battery? On the practice of developed countries overseas, perhaps German deposit system is a good choice, its scope of application are toxic nickel cadmium battery and containing Gong, consumers to buy certain deposit is contained in each cell, when consumers take used batteries to change, then automatically deduct the deposit in the price. In addition, in Germany, consumers will use the finished battery to send to the store or recycling station, the other party must have no condition to accept the waste battery, and transfer to the processing factory for recycling.
In the case of legal constraints and support, there should be greater domestic use. Wang Binggang respondents thought, such as domestic has set policy and technology standard, all for the introductory or recommended guidance documents, for formal power battery recycling companies all have reference guide, but it is difficult to play a role constraints for informal traders, for this, countries should have enough support, binding and enact laws and regulations.